1st International One Welfare (OW) Conference
1Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Canada; 2Manitoba Health, Healthy Living and Seniors,Canada
The Province of Manitoba under the leadership of the One Health Steering Committee has begun the preparations for the 1st International One Welfare (OW) Conference in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada in 2016.
The OW concept builds on the international One World One Health Expert Consultation held in Winnipeg in 2009. OW takes the next step recognizing the connection that exists between the welfare of animals and the humans that they coexist with. This will expand previous accomplishments into the OW sphere engaging issues such as animal welfare and related disparities of human health.
This is an opportunity for national and international subject matter experts and decision makers engaged in the fields of human and animal health and welfare to converge to learn from each other. They will discuss the science, best practices, models, and policies that have shown successes in managing complex issues such as hoarding involving animals as well as on-farm animal welfare issues often related to human health disparities, such as mental health, ageing and socioeconomic status.
These cases are becoming increasingly recognized as challenges that demand collaborative cross-jurisdictional approaches for successful resolution. The complexity of developing a comprehensive management program involves multiple government and community based organizations. These relationships are often difficult to arrange and maintain in the absence of high-level support.
Workshops will provide education on the psychosocial impacts on those involved in human or animal welfare incidents, recognizing when mental health intervention is required and how to mitigate these impacts.
We invite the international community to engage in this initiative. The outcome can provide a roadmap to navigate the way forward as it relates to prevention, response and recovery of these challenges encompassing governance, academic, and operational models. The presentation will include a summary of past, present and potential future of the OW concept.
South East Asia One Health University Network (SEAOHUN):One Health Initiative From Universities to Stakeholders
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia
Nearly 75% of emerging and reemerging of diseases affecting human are originated from animals. These diseases might cause serious public health ,economic and development concerns. Trans-disciplinary field have to work together to ensure success in controlling and prevention of infectious and zoonotic diseases. The technical skill and other core competencies are required by various stakeholders e.g. human, animal and environmental health professionals to collaborate to respond to disease outbreak in timely and sustainable manner.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has launched and Emerging Pandemic Threat (EPT1) program to prevent emerging and reemerging diseases that might caused pandemic threat at ‘hot spot’ regions. RESPOND is one of the project that focus on Universities network in South East Asia and Central East Africa countries to initiate one health approach to control the infectious and zoonotic diseases .
South East Asia One Health University Network (SEAOHUN) was established in December 2011 is a consortium of 10 Universities and 14 Faculties from Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. They are collaborating to develop One Health Capacity and academic partnership with government and private stakeholder in promoting One Health approach to prevent and control infectious and zoonotic diseases .
A key function of SEAOHUN and four national coordinating office from each country (NCOs) is to encourage and facilitate collaborative activities and project among network members , with emphasis on trans-disciplinary and trans-boundary partnership. Programs include but not limited to developed one health core competencies, core competencies and technical skill training modules, curriculum mapping , curriculum development, strengthening and developing teaching methodologies ,staff exchange and evidence –base research for one health advocacy.
SEAOHUN members and US Universities as collaborating partner will move forward to continue One Health Advocacy in ASEAN region next 5 years under EPT2 projects.
An Operational Tool to Enhance One Health Interdisciplinarity
University of Bologna, Italy
The development of analytical methodologies along the human history allowed for the greatest scientific achievements at the cost of a less comprehensive understanding of real phenomena, in terms of context, side effects, and feedbacks. The One Health (OH) approach requires that disciplinary barriers are removed for a global understanding of complex health problems. Especially with the increasing interaction of socio-economic systems in the globalized context, a real need for a renewed approach to health issues does exist and is theoretically justified, but few essays have been developed to quantify the advantages of OH in comparison with the traditional mono-disciplinary methods. In 2014, partners from 20 European countries have organized a network (NEOH - http://neoh.onehealthglobal.net/) to study in depth the problem of OH evaluation, according to an interdisciplinary approach. NEOH is a Trans Domain Action of the European Programme COST. This paper is an individual contribution within the NEOH framework. It focuses on a system approach and interdisciplinarity: the two basic conceptual references to build up a global and holistic understanding of complex health problems. In this paper, the authors develop a multi-disciplinary matrix to approach the scientific complexity of real health cases. Complexity is tackled with a system scheme based on the combination of simple epidemiologic and socio-economic models to reach an all-inclusive understanding of each examined case. According to this approach, a matrix allows to attribute the multiple aspects and effects of the disease to specific expertise. The aim of the matrix is to identify the existing scientific and cultural borders among disciplines, the grey areas of knowledge (where knowledge is missing), and the overlapping territories (where analytical competences are redundant and/or cooperative). This procedure intends to be a pivotal tool to coordinate different disciplinary competences and increase effectiveness in health research, policy and management.
Working Towards ‘One Health’ – The Hidden Politics of Breaking Down Barriers
University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
One Health proposes refashioning research and interventions to address problems that spill across traditionally separate areas of knowledge and policy. Much of what is proposed under the auspices of One Health is welcome, straightforward and sensible. However, collaboration and unification are not without complications.
This paper – reflecting on empirical work in Uganda and Nigeria, as well as recent literature, considers three central aspects to One Health. That is, widespread calls to 1) pursue a global One Health strategy at national and local levels, 2) conduct more interdisciplinary research, and 3) to embrace complexity theory as an analytical strategy. Pushing a global strategy into national and local programmes risks - in its crudest form at least - replicating the issues that 'one-size fits all' projects in global health have often faced. Interdisciplinary research can broaden understandings of real-world problems, but also risks subsuming smaller, critical disciplines and perspectives into a homogenised discourse. Finally, complexity theory offers an intriguing way of conceptualising unpredictable, multifaceted systems, but its implications for policy are far from clear, and need to be thought through carefully.
In short, these approaches all have promise, yet each is leaden with intellectual and political risks that may not be immediately apparent. This paper explores these issues, which have thus far often been neglected in a largely technocratic, apolitical One Health discourse.
The HHALTER Project: An Interdisciplinary One Health Collaboration In Action
1University of Western Sydney, Australia; 2The University of Sydney, Australia; 3Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Australia; 4New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Australia; 5EcoHealth Alliance, New York
The HHALTER project (Horse owners and Hendra virus: A Longitudinal study To Evaluate Risk) is a three-year research project focussed on the changing risk perception, knowledge, attitudes, and risk mitigation practices of horse owners to Hendra virus (HeV) in Australia. The project aims to understand horse owner risk mitigation attitudes and practices and the factors that influence these, as well as horse owner views of current and possible future policy in this area, e.g. state government disease response, local government flying fox management policy, vaccine policy, industry-driven mandatory vaccination, and veterinary policy towards unvaccinated animals.
HeV provides an excellent One Health case study. It is a zoonotic disease that spills over from flying foxes to horses, and then is transmitted from horses to horses and horses to humans. It has a high case fatality rate (75% in equines, 57% in humans) making it a zoonosis of veterinary and public health significance. Since its identification in 1994 there have been 71 confirmed equine cases and seven human cases. A sudden upsurge in cases of HeV in 2011 triggered a public outcry, media frenzy, and a political response. Funding was made available through the National Hendra Virus Research Program (NHeVRP) to prioritise and fast-track HeV research, including the development of a novel vaccine.
The HHALTER project team is the most interdisciplinary of the NHeVRP-funded projects; including researchers in social science, public health, veterinary science, epidemiology, and bat ecology. This presentation will outline the One Health context of HeV in Australia, review the benefits and challenges of One Health team working, and discuss the outcomes of the HHALTER project.
One Health and Positive Youth Development - The potential of Green Care interventions
University of Denver, United States of America
In recent years we can observe two major developments to the traditional One Health approach. Firstly, in recognizing the complexity of the systems that interplay in these relationships, the field is evolving to be inclusive, cross-sectorial, and interdisciplinary to include issues such as ecosystems, climate, nutrition, agriculture, and food safety and security. Secondly, it is also moving from a narrow focus on physical health to include mental health as well. Within this expanding, multidisciplinary, movement of One Health, taking together the issues of mental health, behavior modification, and prevention can direct us towards the implementation of intervention programs. One approach for intervention programs within the social sciences is the risk and resiliency and the Positive Youth Development (PYD) models. One major approach within the PYD model is Lerner’s 5 C’s. The 5 C’s intend to describe the psychological, behavioral, and social attributes that are believed to be characteristics of well-adapted and thriving young persons The 5 C’s are competence, confidence, connection, character, and caring and compassion. Contribution, a sixth C, was added later to the model, and is reflecting behaviors resulting from the 5 C’s.
Green Care is an umbrella term for various interventions that use nature and the natural environment as a framework and can include for example animal-assisted interventions, horticulture therapy, wilderness therapy and green exercise. This presentation will focus on Animal Assisted Intervention and Horticulture interventions as a Green Care intervention components as those are of interest to the author whom intends to investigate a facility which utilizes these components with at risk children and youth.
In conclusion Green Care interventions can be framed as a PYD intervention employing the human-animal-environment relationship as core component and a change mechanism, making a full circle back to the core concept of the One Health Paradigm.