Logo GRF IDRC 2012
Session Overview
TUE1.5: Information and communication technologies for risk management
Time: Tuesday, 28/Aug/2012: 8:30am - 10:00am
Session Chair: Markku T HÄKKINEN, University of Jyväskylä
Session Chair: Muhammad Abbas CHOUDHARY, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan
Location: Wisshorn



Design guidelines for human computer interfaces supporting fire emergency response

Raj PRASANNA1, Lili YANG2, Malcolm KING2

1University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, Democratic Socialist Republic of; 2Loughborough University, UK

Emergency response failures are mostly due to the fact that first responders at individual, team, and organizational levels are unable to make comprehensive decisions in an appropriate manner. It is widely accepted that on-site dynamic information retrieving, sharing and presenting, in the right format at the right time and to the right person, will significantly improve the decision-making of first responders. Despite recent work on information systems, many first responders in emergency situations are unable to develop sufficient understanding of the situation to enable them to make good decisions. Most of the previously developed information systems failed due to the lack of usability, supporting high-level of situation awareness under demanding circumstances. Primarily, the limitations of usability are minimized through the application of an appropriate set of user interface design principles and guidelines that allow designers to avoid many pitfalls in the human computer interaction design process. As a partial requirement of the development of information system for the UK fire and rescue services, this paper discusses the selection of appropriate design guidelines and principles exclusively suitable for the design of human computer interfaces for fire emergency response. In particular this paper explains several important contextual factors exclusive to fire emergency response that may influence the formulation of interface design guidelines and enlightens in detail how specific design decisions are applied for the context of fire emergency by using some relevant examples. The proposed guidelines are formulated based on validated human centered requirements identified through extensive interviews with fire fighters together with observation made of fire emergency response training simulations. This paper contributes to improve the designing of the human computer interfaces and human computer interaction for supporting fire fighters during fire emergency response.

Development of natural disaster damage investigation system using smartphone in Korea

Jae Woong CHO, Woo Jung CHOI

National Disaster Management Institute, Korea, Republic of

Recently, NDMS (National Disaster Management System) electronic-disaster register system is operated by National Emergency Management Agency(in Korea) to solve problems that are caused by the paper-based disaster registering system. However, the problems of field investigating (manpower and time shortage, etc.) are still existed. Therefore, a disaster damage investigation technology is developed using smartphone to solve the problems of field and duplications of work.

In this study, a disaster damage investigation process using smartphone is developed through the analysis of current process. In this work, a smartphone application was developed based on the synchronization NDMS DB system. In addition, this system was field-tested in damaged areas.

Disaster damage investigation App is able to easily enter the list items of NDMS. Also this App can capture images and location information by built in camera and GPS through wireless internet in real-time.

The disaster investigation App from this study can provide more simple and systematic damage investigation environment using smartphone compared with the existing investigation method. Also this system can setup rapid investigation environment of 30% increased speed to the existing method by eliminating repetitive paper works. Another advantage of this system can provide the exact location information of damaged area.

Underpinning sustainability with advanced and visual analytics within the intelligent operations center

Margarete Charlotte DONOVANG-KUHLISCH1, Michael Kenneth SMALL2

1IBM Deutschland GmbH, Germany, Federal Republic of; 2IBM Middle East, United Arabian Emirates

Information superiority is one of the primary issues for Network Enabled Capabilities (NEC) in future crisis management operations that will have to operate in an environment of efficient collaboration and informed decision making in a value network. Exploiting the network-enabled information flows turns out to be the only effective way to meet the challenges and threats we face in this modern, interconnected world. Enhanced inter-agency and inter-company communication and collaboration has been defined as the capability to deliver information superiority when required to enable agile and informed decision making to underpin effects-based operations: delivering the right effect, at the right time, to achieve the outcome required.

Challenges and threats in our modern world are global and multi-faceted requiring complex responses: governments and corporations buoyed by the realization that the interests of both are mutually engage, are pursuing joint corporate social responsibility to make life and business conduct safe and sustainable. One outcome is increasing openness: organisations increasingly publish data and knowledge in open formats and open spaces and (others) provide tools to gain insight from this open and accessible data. Network enablement increases inclusion and participation of people in all domains of private and public life; internet-enabled social networking contributes to data available for analysis and better understanding of human factors.

This case study summarizes technology-based social responsibility trends and illustrates how emerging technologies like visual analytics of spatio-temporal data can achieve semantic interoperability and transparency within large amounts of data linked through ontologies and common metadata models.