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TUE7.3: Mountain risks
Feasibility studies for optimum establishment of rural at risk of natural disasters
1Department of human science, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran; 2Islamic azad univercity, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Landslide is a natural disaster which mainly occurs in mountainous regions, suddenly destroys the morphology and cause major damages to residential areas, roads, agricultural lands, etc.
Building resilience and reducing vulnerability through integrated risk management in mountain areas
FOCUS Humanitarian, Tajikistan, Republic of
Mountain communities are faced with multiple risks impacting their overall economic health. This include underdeveloped water irrigation resource management, increased natural hazard threats, physical isolation, extreme poverty and others. Effective interventions therefore must address all dimensions - environmental, social and institutional. FOCUS is implementing a regional three years cross-border project in cooperation with Hilfswerk Austria International and funded by European Union, “Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation of Integrated high mountain Risk” (PAMIR). The goal of the project is to understand the linkages between environment, disaster risk and poverty. The project will conduct risk assessment of 120 bordering communities in Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan reaching over 40,000 people. Particular focus will be on the remote geo-hazards and their possible impact. Examples of such include lake Shiva, which should it break has the potential to wiping say communities on both side of the border. The project takes a multi-step approach to identify risks, generate risk knowledge through risk modeling to help determine priority communities, build capacity to remote hazards and ultimately reduce vulnerability. The project seeks to bring to government agencies, donors, international agencies and the community to integrate environmental sustainability into development strategies and the national action plan. It is considered important to involve stakeholders at all levels and raise awareness on linkages between environmental protection, disaster risk reduction and sustainable livelihood among political decision-makers and donor agencies.
New approaches for integrated monitoring of slopes movements in mountain regions: the Interreg project "SloMove"
1EURAC, Italy; 2Autonomous Province of Bolzano, Italy
The uncertainty related to disasters generated by climate change and anthropogenic modifications of the environment, but never registered in the historical records of a certain area, adds yet another challenge for the decision makers, in terms of strategies, regulations and technologies adopted for protecting the communities without to limit their development and increasing their resilience to natural hazards.
Investigating weather parameters affecting snow avalanching in Alborz Mountains, Iran.
1Shahrekord university, Iran, Islamic Republic of; 2WSL,Switzerland
Snow avalanches are significant natural hazards. The Karaj-Chalus road is placed in central Alborz Mountains. Every winter we encounter snow avalanches on this road. There is a limited amount of recorded avalanche data and weather data for this area. This research reported here is an investigation on weather the data is sufficient to characterize conditions of avalanching for the area. Thus we compared avalanche days (107 avalanche days were recorded during the winters 1986-2006) and non avalanche days with respect to weather data that are recorded at the Karaj weather station.
Reinforced flexible systems for slope stabilization: an outstanding technology, fully proved in the Iberian area
Freelance Consultant, Spain, Kingdom of
“Flexible Systems” concept refers to the installation of steel membranes over unstable mass in a slope, anchoring to transmit strengths onto stable terrain. “Hexagonal Mesh” has been worldwide used since more than 20 years as solution for erosion control and superficial instabilities. In the last 20 years, “Wire Rope Nets” have being used for geotechnical problems requiring higher bearing capacity, but mainly focused on locally retaining rock blocks in the range of a few m3. A System Concept was developed at middle of 90’s in Spain, extending the range of such last membranes to global slope stability problems, for higher bearing capacity required and deeper failure surfaces problems.