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WED7.1: Critical infrastructures
The influence of technology transfer management in improving the performance of risk management of natural disaster in rail transportation: a case study in Iran
1M.Sc. in Natural Disaster Management of Tehran University; 2M.Sc. in Transfer of technology Management of Islamic Azad University- South Tehran Branch
Optimized management of disasters decreases the hazard’s risk. Transferring and using new technology in hazardous countries contributes to an increase in hazards management Productivity. Improving the management performance decreases the hazard’s risk. In this article regarding to the fact that Iran is a hazardous country and the negative effects of hazards on the performance of rail network, vulnerability of Iran’s rail transportation is investigated. And the role of new technologies transfer in increasing the risk management Productivity in rail transportation has been investigated. Finally, in order to use new technologies in developing countries a number of strategies are presented.
Identification of critical infrastructures exposed to natural hazards: the main step towards the impact assessment on regional socio-economic systems
1RGS Srl - Risk Governance Solutions, Italy, Republic of; 2Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche e Geotecnologie, Universita' degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Milano, Italy
According to the Council of the European Union Directive (2008), ‘critical infrastructure’ means an asset, system or part thereof which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact as a result of the failure to maintain those functions. Critical infrastructure networks are exposed to natural events, such as floods, storms, landslides, earthquakes, etc. Recent natural disasters show that socio-economic consequences can be very much aggravated by the impact on these infrastructures. The impact assessment of natural events on critical infrastructures requires: (1) the analysis of the spatial distribution of the different hazards sources and their characteristics; (2) the assessment of the performance of all the components of the infrastructure system and the related propagation of effects. The conference contribution will report the results of a project carried on for the Lombardy Region, Italy, where the public available information about natural risks is exploited in order to identify critical nodes and assets, which need protection in order to mitigate potential socio-economic impacts at regional scale. Such approach integrates the knowledge of the different stakeholders (critical infrastructure operators and civil protection authorities) in order to evaluate the vulnerability of the systems exposed to an hazard, the cascading effects for the business and society and the strategies to mitigate these impacts. In particular, the presentation will illustrate how the public available information can be used to stimulate the awareness about the impacts on critical infrastructure among public authorities and CI operators. The focus will be laid on how such an approach meets the requirements of the risk management decision process which involves critical infrastructure operators and public authorities.