TUE1.5: Information and communication technologies for risk management
Design guidelines for human computer interfaces supporting fire emergency response
1University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, Democratic Socialist Republic of; 2Loughborough University, UK
Emergency response failures are mostly due to the fact that first responders at individual, team, and organizational levels are unable to make comprehensive decisions in an appropriate manner. It is widely accepted that on-site dynamic information retrieving, sharing and presenting, in the right format at the right time and to the right person, will significantly improve the decision-making of first responders. Despite recent work on information systems, many first responders in emergency situations are unable to develop sufficient understanding of the situation to enable them to make good decisions. Most of the previously developed information systems failed due to the lack of usability, supporting high-level of situation awareness under demanding circumstances. Primarily, the limitations of usability are minimized through the application of an appropriate set of user interface design principles and guidelines that allow designers to avoid many pitfalls in the human computer interaction design process. As a partial requirement of the development of information system for the UK fire and rescue services, this paper discusses the selection of appropriate design guidelines and principles exclusively suitable for the design of human computer interfaces for fire emergency response. In particular this paper explains several important contextual factors exclusive to fire emergency response that may influence the formulation of interface design guidelines and enlightens in detail how specific design decisions are applied for the context of fire emergency by using some relevant examples. The proposed guidelines are formulated based on validated human centered requirements identified through extensive interviews with fire fighters together with observation made of fire emergency response training simulations. This paper contributes to improve the designing of the human computer interfaces and human computer interaction for supporting fire fighters during fire emergency response.
Development of natural disaster damage investigation system using smartphone in Korea
National Disaster Management Institute, Korea, Republic of
Recently, NDMS (National Disaster Management System) electronic-disaster register system is operated by National Emergency Management Agency(in Korea) to solve problems that are caused by the paper-based disaster registering system. However, the problems of field investigating (manpower and time shortage, etc.) are still existed. Therefore, a disaster damage investigation technology is developed using smartphone to solve the problems of field and duplications of work.
Underpinning sustainability with advanced and visual analytics within the intelligent operations center
1IBM Deutschland GmbH, Germany, Federal Republic of; 2IBM Middle East, United Arabian Emirates
Information superiority is one of the primary issues for Network Enabled Capabilities (NEC) in future crisis management operations that will have to operate in an environment of efficient collaboration and informed decision making in a value network. Exploiting the network-enabled information flows turns out to be the only effective way to meet the challenges and threats we face in this modern, interconnected world. Enhanced inter-agency and inter-company communication and collaboration has been defined as the capability to deliver information superiority when required to enable agile and informed decision making to underpin effects-based operations: delivering the right effect, at the right time, to achieve the outcome required.