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MON5.1: Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into climate change adaptation strategies: A governance point of view
Session organized by UNISDR
Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into climate change adaptation strategies: a governance point of view
1UNISDR Europe Regional Office; 2Council of Europe; 3European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction; 4FEEM
Linking Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures to Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) strategies is a crucial element of effective climate adaptation policies. Though there is a general understanding among policy makers of the importance of this linkage, translating concepts into practical operations is a challenge. Mainstreaming DRR into CCA strategies is a process that entails multiple level of coordination both horizontally (among governmental institutions, universities, civil society organizations, etc.) and vertically (from the central to the local/community level). This process – in the first place - requires a solid national legal framework in which institutional responsibilities and duties are established and defined.
Using Disaster Inventories Databases for Loss and Damage Assessment as a driver for mainstreaming DRR into Climate Adaptation Strategies
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Governance in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: a pan European perspective
Council of Europe - EUR-OPA
In the present difficult economic situation, the coordination of actions related to both disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation are more than ever crucial in order to limit their possible negative impact on already weak growth rates in most European countries. To adequately plan those necessary actions in both domains, governance issues are essential: a clear distribution of responsibilities for each phase between the various authorities (international, national, regional, and local) involved is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of the overall strategy. Aware of that need of convergence of both approaches, the European institutions are exploring the adequate way to address it. The main findings of the joint UNISDR Europe and European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement published in 2011 on current governance work done at supranational level will be briefly presented and discussed. The need to improve the present situation through a greater interaction between authorities and other actors (private sector, scientific community, civil society, …), both directly through common projects or indirectly through the flow of information between them, will be emphasized as a crucial aspect to increase resilience of modern societies against climate change and disasters.
Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into climate change adaptation strategies: a governance point of view: case study Europe / Germany
DKKV - German National Platform for DRR
In the framework of the climate change negotiations adaptation to climate change is accepted as being equally important as mitigation efforts. The important role of disaster risk reduction especially with regard to adaptation to extreme events is internationally well recognized. But, has the mainstreaming process already started? Where can we see that integration really takes place? To answer these questions Working Group I of the European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction (EFDRR) circulated a questionnaire to National Platforms and HFA Focal Points in Europe asking about the integration on the ground. 23 countries responded. The result of this exercise will be presented and supplemented with a more detailed country case study on Germany (Adaptation Action Plan of the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change) to showcase different governance levels (federal, federal states but also international level) to be addressed.
Confronting two headed dragon: disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation in the case of small island developing states
1Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei; 2Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are characterized by a unique pattern of vulnerability to natural hazards, likely to be further exacerbated by human induced climate change. Given their size, the share of low elevation coastal zones (LECZ), dependency on tourism and agriculture, and other factors the SIDS are highly vulnerable to economic shocks triggered by natural hazards. From this background it is essential to develop capacity to cope with, and quickly recover from the natural hazard strikes. Drawing on the recent and partly still on-going efforts to draw disaster risk profile of the Republic of Mauritius, we discuss the policy challenges the SIDS have to live up to in order to pursue sustainable development and growth.