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Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
Session
MON5.1: Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into climate change adaptation strategies: A governance point of view
Time: Monday, 27/Aug/2012: 2:40pm - 4:10pm
Session Chair: Francesc PLA, Council of Europe
Location: Seehorn

Session organized by UNISDR


Presentations

Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into climate change adaptation strategies: a governance point of view

Demetrio INNOCENTI1, Francesc PLA2, Karl-Otto ZENTEL3, Jaroslav MYSIAK4

1UNISDR Europe Regional Office; 2Council of Europe; 3European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction; 4FEEM

Linking Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures to Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) strategies is a crucial element of effective climate adaptation policies. Though there is a general understanding among policy makers of the importance of this linkage, translating concepts into practical operations is a challenge. Mainstreaming DRR into CCA strategies is a process that entails multiple level of coordination both horizontally (among governmental institutions, universities, civil society organizations, etc.) and vertically (from the central to the local/community level). This process – in the first place - requires a solid national legal framework in which institutional responsibilities and duties are established and defined.

Case studies on the legal and regulatory frameworks concerning national governance of climate related risks are still lacking. Nonetheless, there is a general recognition that national governments need to develop functional regulatory structures for adaptation funds to target the right risk reduction measures.

The aim of this session is to offer an overview on what countries and international/regional organizations are currently doing to address these gaps. Even though the focus will be on Europe, cases from other regions will be presented and discussed.


Using Disaster Inventories Databases for Loss and Damage Assessment as a driver for mainstreaming DRR into Climate Adaptation Strategies

Craig DUNCAN

UNISDR

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Governance in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation: a pan European perspective

Francesc PLA

Council of Europe - EUR-OPA

In the present difficult economic situation, the coordination of actions related to both disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation are more than ever crucial in order to limit their possible negative impact on already weak growth rates in most European countries. To adequately plan those necessary actions in both domains, governance issues are essential: a clear distribution of responsibilities for each phase between the various authorities (international, national, regional, and local) involved is necessary to ensure the effectiveness of the overall strategy. Aware of that need of convergence of both approaches, the European institutions are exploring the adequate way to address it. The main findings of the joint UNISDR Europe and European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement published in 2011 on current governance work done at supranational level will be briefly presented and discussed. The need to improve the present situation through a greater interaction between authorities and other actors (private sector, scientific community, civil society, …), both directly through common projects or indirectly through the flow of information between them, will be emphasized as a crucial aspect to increase resilience of modern societies against climate change and disasters.


Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into climate change adaptation strategies: a governance point of view: case study Europe / Germany

Karl-Otto ZENTEL

DKKV - German National Platform for DRR

In the framework of the climate change negotiations adaptation to climate change is accepted as being equally important as mitigation efforts. The important role of disaster risk reduction especially with regard to adaptation to extreme events is internationally well recognized. But, has the mainstreaming process already started? Where can we see that integration really takes place? To answer these questions Working Group I of the European Forum for Disaster Risk Reduction (EFDRR) circulated a questionnaire to National Platforms and HFA Focal Points in Europe asking about the integration on the ground. 23 countries responded. The result of this exercise will be presented and supplemented with a more detailed country case study on Germany (Adaptation Action Plan of the German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change) to showcase different governance levels (federal, federal states but also international level) to be addressed.


Confronting two headed dragon: disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation in the case of small island developing states

Jaroslav MYSISAC1, Alexandros MAZIOTIS2

1Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei; 2Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are characterized by a unique pattern of vulnerability to natural hazards, likely to be further exacerbated by human induced climate change. Given their size, the share of low elevation coastal zones (LECZ), dependency on tourism and agriculture, and other factors the SIDS are highly vulnerable to economic shocks triggered by natural hazards. From this background it is essential to develop capacity to cope with, and quickly recover from the natural hazard strikes. Drawing on the recent and partly still on-going efforts to draw disaster risk profile of the Republic of Mauritius, we discuss the policy challenges the SIDS have to live up to in order to pursue sustainable development and growth.



 
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