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UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference

Economic assessment of desertification, sustainable land management and resilience of arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas

9 - 12 April 2013 - Bonn, Germany

Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or room to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

 
Session Overview
Date: Tuesday, 09/Apr/2013
3:00pm
-
4:00pm
OC: Opening Ceremony
Location: Plenary Chamber

WELCOMING REMARKS

  • Antonio ROCHA MAGALHÃES; Chairperson of the Committee of Science and Technology CST, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Brazil
  • Luc GNACADJA; Executive Secretary, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Bonn, Germany
  • Walter J. AMMANN; President/CEO, Global Risk Forum GRF Davos, Davos, Switzerland

SPECIAL GUEST

  • Tarja HALONEN; Former President of the Republic of Finland (2000 – 2012), Helsinki, Finland, "Looking at the challenges of Post 2015"


Translation into the official UN languages available!




4:00pm
-
4:15pm
Break
4:15pm
-
6:00pm
Plenary I: Economic and social impacts of desertification, land degradation and drought
Location: Plenary Chamber


Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD) directly affect 1.5 billion people who depend on dry and degraded lands for their livelihood. 42% of the world’s very poor live in degraded areas compared to only 15% of the non-poor. Therefore, the economic and social impacts of DLDD are significant. For instance, it has been estimated that the direct economic costs of desertification for Burkina Faso and Nigeria were 9% resp. 17% of GDP in 1995. Concerning social impacts, DLDD leads to increasing poverty as poor people’s livelihoods are highly dependent on the productivity of land, and to urban migration in communities whose livelihoods lack resilience to low farm productivity. DLDD can also have secondary social impacts in malnutrition and disease that arise through poor farm productivity,
poverty and constraints on water quality and availability. The social impacts of DLDD are affecting about 870 million people who are suffering from chronic undernourishment and 1 billion with no access to safe drinking water. For efficient and effective prevention and mitigation measures against DLDD, it is essential to clearly assess the economic and social impacts of DLDD and identify the important actors such as land users, landowners, governmental authorities and industries. Further, it is necessary to analyse how institutions and policies influence those actors. However, both the implementation and effectiveness of prevention or mitigation measures of DLDD are limited by a range of barriers such as insufficient financing and resourcing, rather weak scientific basis and knowledge exchange in DLDD, insufficient advocacy and awareness as well as inadequate legal basis. Based on White Paper I, panellists in this session will assess the economic and social impacts of DLDD, consider the gaps in impact assessment, and review possible means to achieve better impact analysis.

SESSION CHAIR: Anneke TRUX; Team Leader, Convention Project to Combat Desertification (CCD Project), Division Environment and Climate Change, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Bonn, Germany

PANELLISTS




Translation into the official UN languages available!


Date: Wednesday, 10/Apr/2013
8:30am
-
9:45am
WED 1.1: The New World Atlas of Desertification contributing to economic valuation of land degradation
Location: Plenary Chamber
Special session organized by the European Commission
WED 1.2: Good practices in SLM and lessons learned (Part 1)
Location: Wasserwerk
Chair: Mohamed Imam BAKARR, Global Environment Facility
Chair: Hanspeter LINIGER, Centre for Development and Environment, University of Berne
Session
WED 1.3: Economics of land use change
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Mark SCHAUER, GIZ
Chair: Alisher MIRZABAEV, ZEF
Session
9:45am
-
10:00am
Break
10:00am
-
11:20am
WED 2.1: Toward an analytical framework to assess the value of action and inaction against land degradation: new insights, and policy challenges
Location: Plenary Chamber
Special session organized by the International Food Policy Research Institute

Translation into the official UN languages available!
WED 2.2: Identification and valuation of ecosystem services
Location: Wasserwerk
Chair: Mélanie REQUIER-DESJARDINS, IAMM Institute Agronomique Méditeranéen de Montpellier
Chair: Nabil BEN KHATRA, Sahara and Sahel Observatory
Session
WED 2.3: Economic and social impacts assessement of DLDD at a local scale
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Alan GRAINGER, University of Leeds
Chair: LianYou LIU, Beijing Normal University
Session
11:20am
-
11:30am
Break
11:30am
-
1:00pm
Plenary II: Cost and benefits of policies and practices addressing land degradation and drought in the drylands
Location: Plenary Chamber

Are the benefits of action worth the additional costs, or are the costs of action greater than the costs of inaction? This session will address the important issues of cost and benefits of policies as well as practices addressing Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD). Despite the increasing impacts of DLDD, such as increasing poverty and migration, a global consensus on the increasing economic costs of inaction is missing. This makes the prioritization of measures to prevent or mitigate DLDD at the national and international levels substantially more difficult using an economic argument. The benefits and costs of counter measures could be analysed within a comprehensive cost benefit analysis (CBA), but is CBA an adequate tool and powerful enough to help decision-makers objectively choose among different land use management strategies and pursue effective and resilience building interventions? Are there other (non-economic) methods to evaluate the costs of action versus the costs of inaction? Where are the obstacles and where are the opportunities to improve the adoption of sustainable land management practices? Based on White paper II, the aim of this session is to find a consensus on the economic benefit of providing resources to prevent or mitigate DLDD. Panellists will discuss the rationale of including policies toward national development plans. The session will also address the need to build capacity for ongoing DLDD cost assessments at national and international levels and highlight possible investment opportunities.

SESSION CHAIR: Noel Maxwell OETTLE - Rural Programme Manager - Environmental Monitoring Group (EMG), Nieuwoudtville - South Africa


PANELLISTS





Translation into the official UN languages available!
1:00pm
-
1:50pm
Lunch break
1:50pm
-
2:50pm
WED 3.1: Practical Tools for Monitoring and Assessment of DLDD for Economic Assessments
Location: Plenary Chamber
Workshop organized by USDA ARS
WED 3.2: Economic and social impacts assessment of DLDD at a regional/national scale
Location: Wasserwerk
Chair: Niels DREBER, North West University
Chair: Leslie Elizabeth TORRES, Consultant
Session
WED 3.3: Community based approaches for sustainable land management
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Patrice BURGER, CARI
Chair: Elena María ABRAHAM, IADIZA-CONICET
Session
2:50pm
-
3:00pm
--
3:00pm
-
4:30pm
WED 4.1: Global Environment Facility Session: Carbon - a valuable global benefit of sustainable land management
Location: Plenary Chamber
Special session organized by GEF

Translation into the official UN languages available!
WED 4.2: Sustainable dryland management for multiple benefits: opportunities for linking carbon storage, ecosystem services and livelihoods
Location: Wasserwerk

Special session organized by the University of Leeds

WED 4.3: COST Action ES1104 - Arid lands restoration and combat of desertification: setting up a drylands and desert restoration hub
Location: Pumpenhaus
Workshop organized by COST Action ES1104
4:30pm
-
4:40pm
--
4:40pm
-
6:00pm
WED 5.1: Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative - Bridging the science-policy-practice divide - Making a case for tackling land degradation through valuation of ecosystem services
Location: Plenary Chamber
Workshop organized by the ELD initiative

Translation into the official UN languages available!
WED 5.2: Assessing actions to combat desertification, what valuations
Location: Wasserwerk
Special session organized by CSFD

WED 5.3: Water and sustainable land management
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Joost BROUWER, Brouwer Envir. & Agric. Consultancy, member of IUCN's Commission on Ecosystem Management
Chair: Dieunedort Wandji NJANKOUA, UNEP
Session
6:00pm
-
6:15pm
--
6:15pm
-
7:15pm
WED 6.1: Soil functions and related ecosystem services
Poster session
WED 6.2: Forest management and multifunctional forestry
Poster session
WED 6.3: Indicators for DLDD
Poster session
WED 6.4: Tools and methods to assess DLDD
Poster session
WED 6.5: Landuse practices to combat DLDD
Poster session
WED 6.6: Techniques and good practices to combat DLDD
Poster session
Date: Thursday, 11/Apr/2013
8:30am
-
9:45am
THU 1.1: Catastrophic shifts in drylands: how can we prevent ecosystem degradation? Special Session on how to overcome the difficulties of successful engagement of non-scientific stakeholders
Location: Plenary Chamber
Special session organized by the European Commission
THU 1.2: Adapting to climate change and disaster risk reduction through sustainable land management: experiences in Tajikistan, East Africa, US, Argentina and Mongolia
Location: Wasserwerk
Special session organized by the Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern
THU 1.3: Good practices in SLM and lessons learned (Part 2)
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Muyambi Benda FORTUNATE, IGAD Climate Predictions and Application Centre (ICPAC)
Chair: Anna Evelyn TENGBERG, Gothenburg University

Session

9:45am
-
10:00am
Break
10:00am
-
11:20am
THU 2.1: Scaling-up SLM: what is the missing link? - Bridging the science-policy-practice divide, making the case through valuation of ecosystem servces
Location: Plenary Chamber
Special session organized by the Global Mechanism

Translation into the official UN languages available!
THU 2.2: Cost and benefits analysis of (in)action
Location: Wasserwerk
Chair: Alessandro DE PINTO, International Food Policy Research Institute
Session
THU 2.3: DLDD and climate change
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Annette COWIE, STAP-GEF
Chair: Guillermo DASCAL, CEPAL UN
Session
11:20am
-
11:30am
Break
11:30am
-
1:00pm
Plenary III: Drivers of change and resilience increase
Location: Plenary Chamber


To effectively tackle Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), and increase the resilience towards it, the drivers of change have to be systematically addressed. Social, economic, ecological and political drivers of change embed many different stakeholders, policies and solutions. Solving problems posed by global environmental change, requires coordinated research that pays at least as much attention to social sciences as it does to natural science. Paying attention to social sciences implies going beyond observation and monitoring of elements of biodiversity and soil status, to monitoring ‘human’ drivers of change, and how they affect both ecosystems and livelihoods. Additionally, while climate change, biodiversity loss and DLDD share common drivers or causes, the responses are also embedded in the same overarching targets and policy formulations. This session aims to identify the underlying drivers of change and policies that increase the resilience of ecosystems and people dependent on them, as well as the capacity of individuals, communities and systems to survive, adapt and grow in the face of changes, even catastrophic incidents. What are the thresholds that determine whether ecological communities can survive or not? Are some types of ecosystems more resilient to change than others? What characteristics improve resilience? These will be the guiding questions for the panellists that will represent the different fields of science and therewith highlight the possible collaboration amongst them.


SESSION CHAIR: Michael Anthony STOCKING; Professor of Natural Resource Development/ Senior Adviser to the Chair of GEF-STAP, Global Environment Facility, London, UK

PANELLISTS



Translation into the official UN languages available!

1:00pm
-
1:50pm
Lunch break
1:50pm
-
2:50pm
THU 3.1: Agroecology as a powerful tool for the development of drylands?
Location: Plenary Chamber
Special ession organized by CARI
THU 3.2: Macro-economic policy drivers of land management
Location: Wasserwerk
Chair: Marc STAL, Global Risk Forum GRF Davos
Session
THU 3.3: Traditional knowledge related to DLDD/SLM
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Luuk FLESKENS, University of Leeds
Chair: Karma Dema DORJI, Ministry of Agriculture & Forests
Session
2:50pm
-
3:00pm
--
3:00pm
-
4:30pm
THU 4.1: Towards a land-degradation-neutral world: from science to policy (Part 1/2)
Location: Plenary Chamber

Part (1/2)
Special session organized by IUCN and UNCCD

Translation into the official UN languages available!

THU 4.2: Tackling key challenges in the economic assessment of desertification, sustainable land management and resilience of arid and semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas: Perspectives from DesertNet International’s Working Groups
Location: Wasserwerk

Special session organized by the University of Leeds

THU 4.3: Indicators for DLDD and SLM
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Edith VAN WALSUM, ILEIA - AgriCultures Network
Chair: Bruno Oreste BELLETTINI, UNDP
Session
4:30pm
-
4:40pm
--
4:40pm
-
6:00pm
THU 5.1: Towards a land-degradation-neutral world: from science to policy (Part 2/2)
Location: Plenary Chamber
Part 2/2
Special session organized by IUCN and UNCCD

Translation into the official UN languages available!
THU 5.2: Integrated modelling of climate impacts on food and farming at regional to supra-national scales
Location: Wasserwerk
Special session organized by the Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut
THU 5.3: Methodologies and tools for assessing DLDD
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Soo Jin PARK, Seoul National University
Chair: Jeffrey E HERRICK, USDA-ARS
Session
6:00pm
-
6:15pm
--
6:15pm
-
7:15pm
THU 6.1: Local knowledge and good practices related to DLDD/SLM
Poster session
THU 6.2: Water scarcity and land - the nexus aspects
Poster session
THU 6.3: Economic and social impacts assessment of DLDD
Poster session
THU 6.4: Governance and policy analysis
Poster session
THU 6.5: Climate change, related risks and impacts on DLDD
Poster session
THU 6.6: Causes of DLDD
Poster session
Date: Friday, 12/Apr/2013
8:30am
-
9:45am
FRI 1.1: From agroecological practice to policy: bridging the gap in dryland management
Location: Plenary Chamber
Workshop organized by ILEIA - AgriCultures Network
FRI 1.2: DLDD and SLM assessment tools
Location: Wasserwerk
Chair: Laura Erika MEZA, FAO
Chair: Simone QUATRINI, Global Mechanism of the UNCCD
Session
FRI 1.3: Policy analysis and good examples
Location: Pumpenhaus
Chair: Stacey NOEL, Stockholm Environment Institute

Session

9:45am
-
10:00am
Break
10:00am
-
11:30am
Plenary IV: Strategies and policies for local, national, regional and international level
Location: Plenary Chamber


Land degradation can be prevented, degraded lands restored and drought mitigated through sustainable land and water use techniques supported by relevant institutional measures and policies. Understanding the causes of inaction (or of inappropriate action) is the key in delivering effective land degradation policies. Policies and programmes should focus on addressing and changing the behavioural patterns that lead to land degradation. Moreover, it is uncontested that policies and programmes are better accepted in communities and by population if enacted by local councils than by higher authorities. The local communities must be empowered to manage natural resources and it is essential that the users of the land receive direct benefits from preventing or mitigating land degradation. Based on the previous plenary sessions, the White papers I and II and the Background Document, this session aims at discussing the transfer from research to policy making to implementation; how to balance policy making with top down and bottom up approaches; how to ensure compatibility between science and local knowledge and institutions; and how to implement efficient measures at local councils, regional and higher authorities as well as the main hurdles that prevent these measures from being realized.


SESSION CHAIR: Jonathan DAVIES; Coordinator of the Global Drylands Initiative within IUCN's Ecosystem Management Program, Nairobi, Kenya

PANELLISTS



Translation into the official UN languages available!

11:30am
-
11:45am
Break
11:45am
-
12:30pm
CS: Closing Session
Location: Plenary Chamber

  • Walter J. AMMANN; President/CEO, Global Risk Forum GRF Davos, Davos, Switzerland, "Conference Draft Summary Report"
  • Jonathan DAVIES; Chair of the Scientific Advisory Committee, Nairobi, Kenia



Translation into the official UN languages available!

12:30pm
-
1:00pm
CC: Closing Ceremony
Location: Plenary Chamber

  • Antonio ROCHA MAGALHÃES; Chairperson of the Committee of Science and Technology CST, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Brasil
  • Luc GNACADJA; Executive Secretary, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification , Bonn, Germany


Translation into the official UN languages available!

 
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